Technical Research for the Exhibition

By
Sanchita Balachandran
Sanchita Balachandran is the Associate Director of the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum and Senior Lecturer in the Department of Near Eastern Studies. She teaches courses related to the identification and analysis of ancient manufacturing techniques of objects, as well as the history, ethics and practice of museum conservation.
Our first class meeting.

Our first class meeting.

One of the most exciting and rewarding aspects of having nearly daily access to a museum collection of ancient art–and in this case the spectacular Eton Collection–is the opportunity to conduct technical research on objects that have never been studied in this way. The Archaeological Museum now has a suite of non-destructive imaging and analytical tools that allow previously unknown insights into the fabrication and decoration techniques of ancient objects, giving us a clearer sense of the specific material choices that ancient craftspeople made to produce objects that best suited the aesthetic, ritual, functional, and cultural purposes desired.

The objects in the exhibition “Providing for the Afterlife” were all studied by undergraduate and graduate students at Johns Hopkins University in my 2017 fall course “Examining Archaeological Objects.” Over a short thirteen weeks, the students became familiar with techniques including stereomicroscope and x-radiography, multi-band imaging, x-ray fluorescence, and reflectance transformation imaging. In combination, these techniques provided students with a vast dataset requiring them to combine new material evidence with published literatures that spanned Egyptology, archaeology, materials science, and art conservation. That the students were able to so deftly traverse these cross-disciplinary boundaries and add otherwise unknown knowledge to our study of the ancient objects on view in this exhibition is testament to the importance of inter-disciplinary work, the value of working in a hands-on way with ancient collections, and the tenacity and intelligence of our students who rose to the challenge.

21457629_1663253403685771_6144532538118934099_oMany thanks to the students in the 2017 course:

Ella Cammarato (Archaeology major, Class of 2019)

Melanie Capruso (History major, Class of 2018)

Sean Galvin (History major, Class of 2018)

Monica Herrera (Neuroscience major, Class of 2018)

Linda Horn (Writing Seminars major, Class of 2018)

Skylar Hurst (Classics major, Class of 2020)

Harrison Ihrig (Public Health major, Class of 2020)

Debbie Kim (Public Health major, Class of 2021)

Kevin Li (Materials Science and Engineering major, Class of 2018)

Morgan Moroney (Egyptology graduate student, Near Eastern Studies)

Roshan Plamthottam (Materials Science and Engineering major, Class of 2018)

Jordan Poston (Earth and Planetary Sciences, Class of 2019)

Anna Schwarz (Biomedical Engineering, Class of 2018)

Evan Smith (Materials Science and Engineering, Class of 2018)