Actaeon Attacked by Hounds

By
Laura Garofalo
Laura Garofalo is a Ph.D. candidate in the Interdepartmental Program in Classical Art & Archaeology. Her primary interests are in the intersections of Roman history, art, and archaeology. Laura is currently writing a dissertation on retrospective styles in Flavian Rome.

 

 

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  • Accession Number: JHUAM 297
  • Measurements: Width: 8.3cm, Height: 5.8cm
  • Material: Slipped Ceramic
  • Culture/Date: Roman, 2nd c. CE
  • Provenance: Gaul

 

This fragment, most likely from the lower half of a small bowl, depicts a scene of the mythological hunter Actaeon being attacked by his own hunting dogs. In Greco-Roman mythology (particularly the version in Ovid’s Metamorphoses), Actaeon was a hunter who accidentally stumbled upon the goddess Diana bathing in the woods. As retribution for his forbidden glimpse, the goddess transformed Actaeon into a stag, which his own hunting dogs readily attacked and devoured.

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Line drawing of a similar Acteon figure.

In this scene, a nude male runs towards the left as two hounds leap towards him on either side. In many similar scenes, Actaeon’s transformation is indicated by a set of horns or antlers on the head of the male figure, as the figure here likely would have had. The leaping dogs and central scene are set within two small rock formations that indicate a landscape setting. Below the scene, a vegetal or wreath motif would have encircled the lower half of the vessel. On the upper left corner of the fragment we see a line which Robinson read as potentially part of Diana’s bow, rendering her within the larger scene which is now lost.

References

Robinson, D.M., ed. 1936. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: United States of America, The Robinson Collection, Baltimore, MD. 3 vol. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pg. 53-54, no. 4, pl. XL, 4.