Elisabeth Campbell is a graduate student in the Interdepartmental Program in Classical Art and Archaeology, based in the Classics Department. Her interests include Roman history and archaeology, and she is currently working on her dissertation on the commemoration of victories in the Roman Republic.

Inscription for Publius Grattius Celer

Translation “Publius Grattius Celer, son of Spurius, of the Collina tribe. Here I, unlucky Grattius, am now cast under the cover of the earth. Living out my 23rd year, having deposited my beard, I, the unlucky one, was thrown under by an undeserved, premature and heinous death. I was pushed into these shadows against fate, [...]

Working at the Granary?

Working at the Granary (?) – A Latin Inscription in the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum This paper closely examines a funerary inscription in the museum dedicated to Soteris Epiphania by her husband Speratus which contains the formula ex horreis Faenianis. This is the only reference in extant Latin literature to the granary of Faenius and is [...]

Sabinus (A Soldier)

Translation “To the Spirits of the Dead Lucius Valerius Sabinus, son of Lucius, from  Flavium Noviodunum; he lived 40 years. He served 16 years in the Second Praetorian Cohort “Pia Vindex Severiana” of Gaianus. Lucius Valerius Victorinus, soldier of the same cohort mentioned above, most pious brother and heir, made[ this] to the well-deserving [man].” [...]

Flavia Salvia

Translation “Niche II Flavia Salvia, freedwoman of Decimus. Decimus Flavius Barnaeus, freedman of Decimus, gives this niche and inscription to the patron from his own money.” Description This inscription labeled a burial niche in a columbarium. Flavia Salvia was a freedwoman of a man named Decimus. Her burial niche was paid for by a fellow [...]

Flavia Primitiva

Translation “To the Spirits of the Dead. Flavia Primitiva made this For herself and for Restitutus, her most Beloved husband, and For their freedmen and freedwomen and Their descendants. This tomb does not pass to external heirs.” Description This inscription marked the tomb of a woman named Flavia Primitiva. She paid for the tomb herself, [...]

Cosconia Calityche

Translation “Cosconia Callityche lived 18 years; she was given over to death on the day before the Ides of July [July 14]; she was buried on the Ides [July 15] when Iullus Antonius and [Fabius Maximus] Africanus were consuls [10 BC].” Description This columbarium plaque marked the burial niche of a young woman named Cosconia [...]

Philargyrus (Gladiator Trainer)

Translation “Gaius Futius, freedman of Gaius Philargyrus Instructor of the Velites.” Description/Interpretation This slab marked the burial niche of a Gaius Futius Philargyrus. It was found together with the inscription for Gaius Futius Hyacintus. Both men share the Name Futius, which may indicate that they were freedmen of the same man. It was customary that [...]

Hyacintus (Gladiator Trainer)

Translation “Gaius Futius Hyacintus Instructor of the Oplomachi [lies here]. Futia Philura, freedwoman of Gaius Made this.” This columbarium slab marked the tomb of Futius Hyacintus who was an instructor in a gladiatorial school. He appears to have trained the Oplomachi, a specific type of gladiator. Not much is known about the equipment of these [...]

Benedictus

Translation “To the good and innocent (?) Benedictus who lived four years and 20 days.” Description This Christian inscription probably marked the tomb of a four-year-old. His name was Benedictus and he died when he was four years and twenty days old. The rest of the text is difficult to decipher since there are several [...]

Aristarchus (A Nomenclator)

Translation “[Here lie] the bones Of Aristarchus, freedman, A nomenclator.” Description This inscription marked the columbarium niche of Aristarchus. He worked as a nomenclator, an announcer of names. Influential men (patrons) in Rome often employed nomenclatores to announce the names of clients to them as they approached.