Kathryn Smith is a South African-born visual/forensic artist and curator, currently undertaking doctoral research as a member of Liverpool John Moores University's Face Lab. Her PhD project is a multimodal analysis of forensic art and facial identification practices, focusing on depictions of the dead across international investigatory and media sites, in the context of the affordances and challenges (ethical, practical) of counter-forensic/citizen-led initiatives and the digital.

The Facial Reconstruction Process

Creating a facial depiction—a representation—from a skull is an anatomically-informed process with applications in the forensic and archaeological arenas. Practitioners may work in two dimensions (2D) or three dimensions (3D), using manual, computer-generated, or fully automated methods (using algorithmic and statistical shape modelling), with a wide range of presentation options. In forensic scenarios, such depictions […]