Soteris

By
Elisabeth Campbell
Elisabeth Campbell is a graduate student in the Interdepartmental Program in Classical Art and Archaeology, based in the Classics Department. Her interests include Roman history and archaeology, and she is currently working on her dissertation on the commemoration of victories in the Roman Republic.
and
  • Accession Number: JHUAM 1052c (Wilson 119)
  • Measurements: Height: 19.3 cm, Width: 28.5 cm, Thickness: 3.6 cm
  • Material: Marble
  • Date/Culture: Roman, 1st century CE.
  • Provenance: Porta Salaria, Rome, Italy

Translation

“Lo, under/behind this marker are placed the bones of Soteris;
she lies buried, devoured by pitiless death.
She had not yet filled up twice three years
when she was bidden to enter the house of black Dis.
The lamentations which the mother ought to have bequeathed to her daughter,
these the daughter suddenly bequeathed to her mother.”

Description

This inscription marked the tomb of a young girl who died when she was less than six years old. It is noteworthy that the stone cutter made extensive use of the apex which indicates that the vowel it marks is long. The last lines show the pain Soteris’ mother felt because she had to mourn her daughter rather than the other way around. The inscription is dated to the first century CE.

References

H.L. Wilson and R. van Deman Magoffin,  “Latin Inscriptions at the Johns Hopkins University VIII,” American Journal of Philology 35 (1914), 421-434, 425-26.

The inscription is described in the US Epigraphy Project hosted by Brown University.