“Splendor et Divitiae”

By
Elisabeth Campbell
Elisabeth Campbell is a graduate student in the Interdepartmental Program in Classical Art and Archaeology, based in the Classics Department. Her interests include Roman history and archaeology, and she is currently working on her dissertation on the commemoration of victories in the Roman Republic.
  • Accession Number: JHUAM 138 (Wilson 136)
  • Measurements: Height: 20.5 cm, Width: 44.5 cm, Thickness: 4.5 cm
  • Material: Marble
  • Date/Culture: Roman, 4th – 5th century CE.
  • Provenance: Rome, Italy

Translation

“Not splendor nor riches,
But tranquility of spirit and body
Is provided here.”

Description

This inscription from Rome is rather unconventional in that it does not name the deceased. It rather reflects the sentiment that death provides peace from worldly desires such as wealth. The inscription probably comes from a Christian burial context and is dated to the 4th-5th centuries CE.

References

H.L. Wilson and R. van Deman Magoffin,  “Latin Inscriptions at the Johns Hopkins University VIII,” American Journal of Philology 35 (1914), 421-434, 428.

The inscription is described in the US Epigraphy Project hosted by Brown University.