The Roman House at Hopkins

By
Hérica Valladares
Hérica Valladares is assistant professor of Classics at Johns Hopkins University. Trained both as a classicist and an art historian, she teaches interdisciplinary courses on Pompeii, early modern antiquarianism, Roman landscape art and the history of archaeology. At Hopkins, she participates in the Undergraduate Archaeology Program and the Program in Museums and Society. She also serves in the Advisory Board of the JHUAM. She is currently working on a book entitled, "On Roman Tenderness: Painting and Poetry in the Early Empire."
and
Marden Nichols
Marden Nichols (Ph.D. University of Cambridge) joined the Walters Art Museum in 2011 as Assistant Curator of Ancient Art. She is a classicist, whose research focuses on the literature, art and culture of the Roman republic and early empire. Her monograph Vitruvius on Display: Domestic Decor and Roman Self-Fashioning at the End of the Republic is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press.Recent articles discuss ancient Roman domestic decor and the moral discourse of luxury, the authorial personae of Horace and Vitruvius, the satirist Persius, and the reception history of plaster cast replicas of classical art.

In the past two decades, Roman domestic art and architecture has become a lively field of scholarly inquiry.  For the ancient Romans, the house was not merely a private space for interacting with family and close friends, but a nexus for a wide range of social rituals and activities.  As such, the topic of the Roman house rewards interdisciplinary approaches drawing on methods from classics, archaeology, history of art, and museum studies.

During the academic year 2012-2013, we team-taught a series of two graduate seminars on ancient Roman domestic space. Our six students enrolled in both “The Roman House: Image, Text, Archaeology” (Fall 2012) and “Curating the Roman House” (Spring 2013). The goal of the first course was to investigate the development of Roman dwellings both as physical structures and as potent symbols within Roman literature and culture from the middle republic through the high empire. The second course, a museum practicum, offered an opportunity to develop curatorial skills, including connoisseurship, object-based research, spatial design, and writing for public audiences. This year of focused study culminated in the Johns Hopkins University Archaeological Museum exhibition “The Roman House at Hopkins,” on view from April 14, 2013.

In the seminar “Curating the Roman House,” students analyzed domestic artifacts from the collections of the Johns Hopkins University Archaeological Museum. Mostly unpublished and unprovenanced, these objects presented challenges in their interpretation. Working together, our students designed thematic installations in display drawers within the Archaeological Museum. Each worked on a separate category of objects: ceramic lamps, glass vessels, Arretine ware, bronze figurines, textiles, and what the ancient Roman author Vitruvius called “expolitiones,” i.e. a house’s finishing touches (mosaics and wall paintings).

Several colleagues at JHU and other institutions offered much appreciated guidance and assistance in bringing this project to fruition. We offer sincere thanks to Betsy Bryan (JHU), Sanchita Balachandran (JHU), Natasha Jones (JHU), Lisa Anderson (JHU), and James T. VanRensselaer and Will Kirk (Homewood Photography).

See the full presentations by Dr. Nichols and Dr. Valladares here: